Vehicles have an engine and many sophisticated components. They all work together and drive the vehicle. While driving heat is released and makes the components warmer.
A coolant is needed to keep the temperature of the engine and parts low and prevent heat-induced damage.
The Cooling System Of The Vehicles
There are many types of coolants in the market with different ingredients that are suitable for cars from different companies. The coolant is filled in a reservoir or container from where it works on the engine parts.
It may happen that the container has an adequate coolant and yet the radiator does not receive any leading to very hot components.
The coolant keeps moving around the engine and radiator and keeps it cool and if the coolant stops passing around the thin tubes, then the engine is bound to get very hot.
No Coolant Around the Radiator Leads To Engine Damage
One of the common signs of a coolant not working around the radiator is that the engine will be too hot. Engine overheating may be due to a damaged thermostat or a malfunctioning radiator too.
The engine’s optimum functioning is reduced by overheating and sooner or later it will break down. Another reason for heating could be the leakage of coolant. The coolant may leak out from the compartment outside the car instead of moving towards the pipes.
The leakage may happen from the hose or radiator. In this case, there is enough coolant in the tank, but it is not performing its intended function. The radiator may have leakage from a hole and the result is an overheated engine.
Some other symptoms of coolant not reaching the radiator would be a change in the color of the coolant fluid. The color changes due to contamination that also blocks its flow.
The warning signal to check the engine will light up when the engine is too hot. Leakage of coolant may also be detected from its strong and sweet smell around the car. If the radiator is not receiving coolant, then it may also lead to white smoke from the exhaust.
Reasons Of Coolant Not Reaching The Radiator
A damaged radiator or water pump is one of the common reasons for coolant paucity. We know that the coolant flows through metal tubes around the radiator and the cooling action takes place.
There is a pumping action that facilitates this movement around the radiator and the engine. The pump or the radiator components may be damaged and block the movement.
If the pressure becomes too much, then the coolant or other fluids leak from their containers.
Radiator hose is responsible for transporting the heated coolant back. Over time and with prolonged driving the hoses will wear out and may also develop holes. Overheating may also lead them to rupture and lead coolant leakage.
A Malfunctioning Radiator May Lead To This Leakage Too
Another reason for coolant not reaching the radiator is a bad head gasket. This acts as a seal between the engine and the cylinder and allows the flow of coolant and other oils. If the gasket is damaged, then the fluids will reach the combustion chamber and burn there.
The coolant leakage may not be visible from the outside when this gasket is not working, and the coolant is not acting the way intended.
A malfunctioning radiator cap is one of the oft-seen reasons here. Its main function is to keep the coolant enclosed in the tubes and its container and not allow it to leak by maintaining the right pressure. A bad or broken radiator cap will not be able to contain the coolant correctly and it will flow out.
The coolant will leak leaving the radiator without any. In fact, without the radiator cap high pressure may build up in the hoses too and they can break allowing the coolant to leak everywhere. The coolant may also overflow from its reservoir and the result would be an overheated engine.
Another reason for coolant not performing its action could be damage to the intake manifold gasket which is present near the engine. It provides a passage for fuel and air to the cylinders but if damaged it may also lead to leakage of coolant.
If you notice that the coolant in the radiator is not flowing properly or not reaching it at all, then refilling the radiator with coolant might help. Coolant levels in the radiator reduce with usage and time, so you must monitor it regularly.
If you still see that the coolant is reducing at an alarming speed and it is more than the regular use, then it is time for a quick trip to the mechanic.
What Does It Mean For Your Car?
Now you know the radiator may be empty even if the coolant container is full. The symptoms and reasons given above can help you find the cause of the deficit. You must first tighten the radiator cap, and hose clamps, and then fill the radiator with fresh coolant too.
Then check the coolant tank and overflowing tank too. Repair the radiator hoses and check for leakage everywhere.
If you are not familiar with these aspects and cannot figure out a way to check or repair the issue, then take the car to a service station.
Fill the coolant tank/ radiator reservoir up to the maximum level to reduce the temperature of the engine. Soon you will know the reason and can get it rectified.
Vehicles are mechanical devices and breakages, and malfunctions may happen from time to time, even if the modern machines are better designed.
You fill the coolant tank and keep track and yet one day you may find the engine overheated, or the radiator is dry. It is not advisable to wait for some time to check the engine and the causes of its heating.
The components may heat up and lead to explosions and more damage to the car. Eliminate the safety hazards by preemptive actions.
Once you suspect that the coolant is not reaching the radiator though the fluid reservoir is full then inspect for causes immediately.