The viscosity-temperature of an oil is the most essential criterion to take into account when choosing a product. This indicator has absolutely nothing to do with the quality of the oil; it simply shows the viscosity of the oil at different temperatures when it is used. Accordingly, oils are made for all seasons, for winter and summer as well as for spring and autumn.
There are two different grades of motor oil: 0W-0W-20 and 5W-30. 0W-0W-20 is the lowest grade. Its functions are similar to the other two, such as decreasing friction between engine components while reducing wear and keeping the engine free of sludge and varnish. The purpose of this article is to provide you with fundamental and comparative information about them so that you can make an informed decision when purchasing one for your car.
- 1 0W20 vs 5W30 Oil: A quick comparison of factors
- 2 5W-30 Motor Oil Characteristics
- 3 Engine Oil Characteristics 0W-20
- 4 Can I Use 5W30 Instead Of 5W20?
- 5 Common Between 0W-20 And 5W-30 Oils
- 6 Differences Between 0W-20 And 5W-30 Motor Oils
- 7 Recommendations For Use Of 0W-20 And 5W-30 Motor Oils
- 8 Final Thoughts – Use 5W30 Instead Of 5W20
0W20 vs 5W30 Oil: A quick comparison of factors
This is a table showing what separates one grade from another. This table should be useful for advanced users, but beginners will need more complete details.
|0W-20 Oil||5W-30 Oil|
|Good oxidation and thermal stability||Improved thermal stability in erratic climates|
|Improved protection against friction in typical driving conditions||Improved protection against abrasions and particles in extreme conditions|
|Quicker start and lubrication||Slower start and lubrication|
|Lower fuel consumption but costlier||Less expensive and readily available|
|Longer intervals between oil changes||Improved protection against rust on engine parts|
5W-30 Motor Oil Characteristics
An oil with a viscosity grade of 5w30 is often found in light-duty gasoline and diesel engines. The 5w30 is a multigrade oil, meaning it has viscosities ranging from a lower viscosity grade of 5 to a higher viscosity grade of 30. This is similar to most motor oils on the market today.
The W stands for “winter”, and the number preceding it shows the viscosity (or thickness) of the oil at low temperatures (hence the W), while the number following it indicates the viscosity (or thickness) of the oil at higher temperatures when the engine is running.
Always be sure to use the oil suggested by your vehicle’s manufacturer. 5w30 oil, on the other hand, can operate at temperatures as low as -30°C and as high as 35°C, making it an excellent choice if you drive your vehicle in an area where the ambient temperature fluctuates considerably.
5w30 oil is particularly suitable for vehicles operating in cold regions, according to the manufacturer. Thanks to its viscosity range of 5W, it is able to lubricate, seal and protect an engine’s internal components in a wide range of environmental conditions. The oil can operate effectively in both summer and winter, eliminating the need to modify the weight of the oil according to weather conditions.
Engine Oil Characteristics 0W-20
SAE 0w-20 motor oils, which are manufactured in Japan, are all-season formulations. Operating at 1000C, the required oil has a minimum viscosity of 5.6 mm2/s at engine operating temperature, and is intended to operate at temperatures ranging from -150C to +200C. This type of oil is rarely suggested by European companies due to its high cost. This is due to the design characteristics of the internal combustion engine and the main modes of engine operation.
One of Castrol’s premium 0W-20 lubricants is Castrol EDGE, which is a very sophisticated fully synthetic 0W-20 lubricant. It is our most durable lubricant and has been specially designed to withstand high pressures and temperatures. Anyone who wants to push their vehicle to the limit may want to consider purchasing one of these.
Can I Use 5W30 Instead Of 5W20?
Yes, you can use a 5w-30 instead of 5w-20, as they have similar viscosity properties.
However, if you change something or put in something that the manufacturer does not recommend, your warranty could be revoked. Always keep your owner’s manual handy, so you know what to do and what not to do, to maintain both the warranty and the safety of your vehicle. Do not always charge with 5w-30 oil, as it is “thicker” than 5w-20. It is not advisable to make this change frequently, and even more so if your vehicle is under warranty.
Common Between 0W-20 And 5W-30 Oils
- Both are synthetic. This implies high fluidity, lubricity, and stability of the chemical composition throughout the service life. It evaporates quickly, suggesting low sensitivity to heat.
- Both oils are suitable for all seasons, which means a wide temperature range without loss of quality.
- Both brands are approved for use in contemporary internal combustion engines with minimal wear, up to 200,000 km.
Differences Between 0W-20 And 5W-30 Motor Oils
- The temperature range of 5w-30 oil is considerably higher than that of 0w-20 oil.
- At high temperatures and mileage of more than 100 thousand kilometers, the lubricating fluid 0w-20 acquires the property of weakening the protective layer of the oil, which further improves the operation of engine components.
- Liquid oil in engine operating modes at high engine speeds and under heavy load is very dangerous.
- Due to its lower viscosity, 0w-20 improves engine efficiency by 10-12% over 5w-30.
- 0w-20 helps minimize high-temperature deposits on cylinder walls, reducing friction and, consequently, engine temperature.
Recommendations For Use Of 0W-20 And 5W-30 Motor Oils
As far as motor oils are concerned, 0w-20 and 5w-30 grades raise many questions for drivers about the practicality and effectiveness of a particular choice. It is suggested that they think about whether increasing the viscosity to 30 can be beneficial. The first and most obvious reason to consider it is the increase in oil consumption, which will almost certainly be reduced after replacement. However, it is critical to modify the market for which the car was originally designed.
If the annual mileage of the vehicle exceeds 14,000 kilometers and the oil is changed twice a year or more, it is recommended to fill the tank with 0w-20 before winter to assist the arrival of cold weather and change to 5w 30 with a warm viscosity. When it comes to combining 0w-20 and 5w-30 oils, experts have found no contraindications, provided that the oils are of the same brand and have the same properties.
Final Thoughts – Use 5W30 Instead Of 5W20
The question of “Can I Use 5W30 Instead Of 5W20?” is something that many vehicle owners face. Although only one aspect is considered, it is difficult to select between these two oils based on their characteristics. You have to know the area you are working in, monitor engine life, and analyze usage and driving habits to be successful.